Independent Review of Drugs

[Image credit:  “Opium Presumptive Drug Test” by Jack Spades is marked with CC PDM 1.0]

The government has announced the set-up of a new drugs unit to help end illegal drug-related illnesses and deaths. To be known as the Joint Combating Drugs Unit, it will bring together multiple government departments to tackle drug misuse across society.

Drug misuse poisoning deaths have increased nearly 80% since 2012, and there are an estimated 300,000 opiate or crack users in England. Around one million people use cocaine each year.

Professor Dame Carol Black has published the second part of her Independent Review of Drugs which has thirty recommendations for the government to help overcome the harm caused by drugs. The report calls for significant investment in the drug treatment and recovery system to ensure more people get support.

The rise in drug poisoning deaths is driven by increasing heroin deaths which have doubled, and notable increases in deaths caused by cocaine. It was also noted that drug addiction fuels many social problems such as homelessness and demands on children’s social care. Younger children, aged from 11 to 15, has increased in recent years, with one in three 15-year-olds saying they had taken drugs in the previous year.

Thirty two recommendations are made in the report, including the investment in treatment and support detailed above. The recommendations include:

• a reform of central leadership to set clear government targets through a new unit
• local authorities to be required to fund drug treatment in the community using the increase in funding
• the introduction of a national Commissioning Quality Standard to make sure comprehensive treatment services are available
• restoring the morale of the workforce to provide a higher quality service, to include recruitment of more staff
• a new strategy to be commissioned to increase the number of professionally qualified drug treatment staff
• an action plan to improve mental health treatment of those people with drug dependence
• action to divert drug users from the criminal justice system into treatment
• making sure all prison leavers have ID and a bank account
• ensuring prisoners with drug dependence can access treatment in the community after release.

The government has already announced the formation of a new unit and has also announced further funding. In order to address the causes of preventable deaths and ill health, a new Office for Health Promotion will “spearhead efforts to level up society” with an £80 million investment to increase drug treatment funding. Local authorities, for the current tax year, will be given over £3.3 billion to spend on public health services, including drug and alcohol treatment.

Funding is to be doubled for law enforcement in tackling county lines gangs and a further £28 million invested in a pilot, Project ADDER. The pilot is described as a new intensive approach to tackling drug misuse. It involves targeted and tougher policing with enhanced treatment and recovery services. ADDER stands for Addiction, Diversion, Disruption, Enforcement and Recovery; it will bring together the police, local councils and health services. The pilot will run for three years in five areas with the highest rates of drug misuse, Blackpool, Hastings, Middlesbrough, Norwich and Swansea Bay.

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