Causing Death by Dangerous Driving

Image credit: Arms over the entrance to the Crown Court and County Court in St Aldates’, Oxford. Photograph taken 2006-03-25. Copyright © 2006 Kaihsu Tai.

The offence of causing death by dangerous driving currently carries a maximum prison sentence of 14 years.

In a recent case (Hughes [2022] EWCA Crim 538) the sentencing judge adopted a starting point of 14 years (the maximum) before discounting it for a guilty plea.

During the Crown’s opening, when reference was made to the guidelines, the Judge stated:

“This is as bad as it gets”. In his sentencing remarks, he stated that it was a “very, very serious case of causing death and serious injury”, and that it was the worst such case that he had ever dealt with in his seven years as a Circuit Judge. He described it as “dreadful criminality”.

Despite this, the court of appeal reduced the starting point to one of 12 and a half years, observing:

‘…the Judge should not have taken the maximum for this offence as the sentence that would have been appropriate following a trial. This was very clearly a category 1 case and the Appellant’s culpability was high indeed. However, as we have indicated, the aggravating feature of being under the influence of alcohol or drugs was not present. Further, although the injuries sustained were devastating and life changing, thankfully this was not a case involving multiple deaths…. There is no doubt the offending was very grave, the impact on the victims truly appalling and lifelong, but, as Mr Harrison points out, there have been, and sadly will in the future be, worse cases, albeit thankfully very rare. Such cases where both determinants are present and multiple deaths result are the types of case that the maximum sentence is appropriate for.’

Sentencing Changes

For offences committed on or after 28 June 2022 (see s 86(9) of the 2022 Act), offenders such as Hughes will, in any event, face more severe penalties.

Section 86 of The Police, Crime, Sentencing and Courts Act 2022 changes the maximum penalty from 14 years to life imprisonment, for the following offences:

• causing death by dangerous driving
• causing death by careless driving when under the influence of drink or drugs

It is not yet clear how this will impact sentencing. Still, we can confidently state that it will mean a significant uplift to sentences imposed under the current guidelines, which reflect the 14-year maximum sentence.

How can we help?

We ensure we keep up to date with any changes in legislation and case law so that we are always best placed to advise you properly. If you would like to discuss any aspect of your case, please contact any member of our vastly experienced Criminal Defence team, for assistance with any criminal law related matter.

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Mr Daniel Woodman (

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